Monthly Archives: September 2017

Tupac Shakur Songs : That’ll Forever Rule the Rap World

Tupac Shakur (June 16, 1971 – September 13, 1996) born as Lesane Parish Crooks―also known as 2Pac―was an American rapper and actor. He is listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the best-selling rap/hip-hop artist ever, having sold over 75 million albums worldwide, including 44.5 million sales in the United States alone. 2Pac rapped on every subject―good and evil, war and friendship, life and death. If it was worth discussing, he rapped about it. He was never scared to speak his mind. His fearlessness and resilience is also what kept him at the top from his debut as a rap artist to long after his death in 1996. Till date, he continues to reign supreme.

Here’s a look at his top 10 greatest songs.
California Love (1995)
This song sung by 2Pac, featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman, celebrates the hip-hop lifestyle of California. Tupac and Dre rap about all the creativity and activity occurring around them. They also mention, with pride, about the gang violence, crimes, and social ailments that prevail.

★ The song was nominated for a posthumous Grammy Award as a Best Rap Solo Performance and Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group in 1997. It has two platinum certifications from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), and gold certifications each from the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA), Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA), and the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI).
How Do U Want It (1996)
It was performed by Tupac Shakur and featured R&B duo K-Ci & JoJo. The song includes a diss of gangsta rap critic C. Delores Tucker. The song focuses mainly on the perks and problems associated with fame. While thoroughly enjoying the benefits, 2Pac reminds everyone of all the problems fame brings along with it.

★ The song was nominated at the 1997 Grammy Awards for the Best Rap Performance by a Duo or Group. It has two platinum certifications from RIAA, and a gold certification from ARIA.

Ghetto Gospel (2005)
This song was written by Tupac Shakur as an outcry, speaking about the futility of racial discrimination and dissidence. Through his lyrics, he pays homage to the murdered activists Malcolm X and Bobby Hutton. He also talks about how society views people from the “hood”.

★ This song is platinum certified by ARIA, and also has two gold certifications.
Dear Mama (1995)
Tupac wrote this song as a tribute to his mother, Afeni Shakur, detailing his childhood poverty and his mother’s addiction to crack cocaine. He claims that his love and respect for his mother overwrites the bad memories. In 2010, it was added to the National Recording Registry in the Library of Congress, as it was “culturally, historically, or aesthetically important, and/or inform or reflects life in the United States.”

Melodious Ancient Roman Musical Instruments

Music has been a part of every land known to mankind. The ancient civilizations had their own music which was independent of any influence and was usually an extension of their history and the nature around them. The Greeks set the bar very high with regards to culture and folklore, but the Romans weren’t too far behind. Let’s look at the music in the life of the ancient Romans.

Musical Instruments of Ancient Rome
Wind Instruments
String Instruments
Percussion Instruments
Despite having been a powerful empire, it is quite unfortunate that as compared to the ancient Greeks, there is not much evidence of the history of Roman music. One possible explanation could be the suppression of music and musical instruments due to its presence in everything pagan by Christianity, once the Roman empire embraced it as its official religion. It is said that the Romans were not as creative as the Greeks when it came to music, nor did it form an integral part of their life, culture, and education. The evidence that we have been able to discover suggests a few instruments that the Romans fancied.

Nevertheless, music was used in military, civil, and religious ceremonies when they were performed by the State or for entertainment purposes. Though not original, the Romans did admire the music of other cultures, that of the Greeks in particular. Influence of the Etruscans and also the Mid-Eastern and African regions, when the Roman empire expanded to embrace these regions can also be seen in ancient Roman music.

It is believed that music accompanied comedies and pantomimes. However, there is no evidence if music was composed for epics and poetry as it was for the Greeks. Music was used in the wars, for funerals, and during public gatherings and performances. Musical competitions would be regularly held during the Roman rule, and they had a large audience too.

Wind Instruments

The Roman tuba was a long, straight horn, about four feet in length. It was made of bronze and had a detachable bone mouthpiece. It was borrowed by the Romans from the Etruscans and it assumed an important place in military activities sometime around 500 BC. The Romans used the tuba to make bugle calls to signal commands like ‘charge’, ‘retreat’ and changing of guard in battles.

It was a semicircular, ‘G’ shaped musical instrument that was made out of bronze. It had a cross bar across the widest part that helped the player to rest the instrument on his shoulder. It had a conical bore and a mouthpiece made out of bone. It had great wartime utility.

It consisted of two reed pipes that were not joined other than at the mouth band that the player used to blow into. It is believed that there was a less popular version of the tibia that had a single pipe. This instrument has a mythological association. Its ancient Greek equivalent was aulos. It is said that the aulos was found by the satyr Marsyas after Athena threw it away when she realized that her face became contorted whenever she tried to play the Aulos. The less popular single pipe aulos has today come to be known as the flute and is used extensively in local folklore. It produces a simple and soothing musical experience. It is easier to make and tune than the Aulos.

Take Care Musical Instruments

It is a well-known fact that taking care of a musical instrument is considered an essential part of learning to play that instrument. Proper care of musical instruments helps to consistently maintain the quality of their musical output. Musical instruments vary in their size, usability and manufacturing material. Depending upon these characteristics, the methods applied to take care of different instruments differ.
Caring for Wind Instruments
Wind instruments are those instruments that can be played by blowing air through their channels. Some popular wind instruments include flutes, saxophones, clarinets etc.


Never pick up the musical instrument by the keys. Ensure to hold the instrument at the two ends when removing it. The same care needs to be taken when replacing the instrument back after its use.
The channels of wind instruments tend to catch moisture due to the air blown through them when they are being played. This moisture can affect the internal surface of the instrument and create cracks in them, thus affecting the quality of the music emitted. Similarly, internal moisture may lead to fungal growth in the channels of the instrument.
Always use a clean cloth to clean your instrument. Usage of damp wiping material in any way should be avoided.
If the instrument is supposed to be assembled before its usage, then ensure that all joints are cleaned before they are assembled. The musician may also apply grease in very small proportions on corks if required.
Avoid consuming food before playing a wind instruments as there is a high chance of food particles being blown inside the instrument when playing it. This not only affects the quality of music emitted but makes the instrument unhygienic.
If there are any joints in the instruments held together with screws, ensure that they are adequately tightened.
Every once in a while, take your instruments to the repair workshop to ensure that the instrument is perfect. You may opt for some professional help in getting your instrument cleaned.
It is recommended that you clean and wipe the mouth piece of these instruments just before and immediately after using them.
Caring for Brass Instruments
Brass instruments are popularly used as band instruments. Some popular brass instruments include trumpets and trombone.
Brass instruments are generally easily dismantled. However, if a certain cork is tight do not force the screws of the cork to open. Always opt for some professional help.
These instruments once dismantled can be washed with some warm water to remove dust particles inside the instrument. Use a soft cloth to dry the instrument. You may dry the instrument thoroughly in a cool dry place without direct exposure to sunlight.
Take care to grease all valves of the instrument with a special valve oil before reassembling the instrument.
Avoid usage of chemicals such as brasso to shine your instrument as these chemicals tend to leave a sticky feel on the instrument’s surface.

This Brief Biography of Mozart

Mozart: The Early Years

One of the widely appreciated prominent musical maestros to have lived, Mozart was born on January 27, 1756 in Salzburg, Austria to Leopold Mozart (a business-minded composer, violinist and an assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg court) and Anna Maria Pertl.
Mozart was named Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Gottlieb Mozart in honor of his grandfather (maternal) and a Saint, Johannes Chrysostomus with whom he shared his birth date. Being born and brought up in a family where music was in the air, and was life and dreams of everyone, Mozart was naturally attracted towards music.

From his childhood, Mozart learned and developed immense interest in music. When he was just 5 years old, Mozart started composing small and beautiful melodious numbers. Looking at his children’s musical talent, Mozart’s father decided to use this opportunity to showcase the talent of his children (Wolfgang and elder daughter Maria Anna “Nannerl”) in front of the world.
At the age of six (in mid 1763), Mozart and his elder sister performed in many concerts in European Courts (in Paris and London); they also gave performances at major cities where they met many music lovers. They also performed in front of the Bavarian elector, royal families and the Austrian empress. Wolfgang and his sister played piano and violin and were more than successful to tie their audiences to the chairs.

After coming from the tour of Vienna, Wolfgang tried to concentrate on improving and learning new skills in music, for this reason he did not plan any tour till 1770. In next three years from 1770 to 1773, Mozart toured Italy three times and gave many outstanding performances. While on a tour of Italy, Mozart even wrote two of his famous operas ‘Mitridate’ and ‘Lucio Silla’.
Mozart showcased his talent and astonished his audience when he adopted Italian style in his music. Mozart further started his journey of music composition, he wrote a set of string quartets and also some symphonies.
When Mozart was at Salzburg during the period from 1774 to 1777, he worked as Konzertmeister (Concertmaster) at the Prince Archbishop’s Court where he performed in some piano and violin concerts (about half a dozen piano sonatas), masses, symphonies, etc. During the same period, he visited Munich once in 1775 for a premier of his Opera La Finta giardiniera.
Mozart: The Awaited Concert

Wolfgang was very ambitious and wanted to obtain a very high position in the world of music, he knew that by staying in Salzburg it was never possible to achieve what he wanted. In 1777, he left Salzburg with his mother and set for Munich and Mannheim. There he tried his best to find a good post for himself but was never offered one, he then moved to Paris in search of the same.
For next two years, Wolfgang worked at Court and played concerts at Courts and Cathedrals. He actively participated in concerts, serenades and also composed music for dramas. He also continued composing and creating symphonies. In 1780, he received the most awaited opportunity to perform in an opera at Munich.
Love, Longing and Marriage

Mozart’s love interest, Aloysia Weber, refused to reciprocate the same feeling of affection. She was a previous acquaintance and had once claimed to love him, however, it is believed that once she became famous as a soprano, her feelings for a not so famous Mozart waned and fame took predominance.
Along with many concerts, operas and music composition for dramas, Mozart also wrote beautiful music compositions, which have become the masterpiece of his artwork. Mozart was sent to the court at Vienna where he was not allowed to work for the post he wanted the most, he finally gave up trying to perform at the court in Vienna and got out of the job in 1781.