Mozart: The Early Years
One of the widely appreciated prominent musical maestros to have lived, Mozart was born on January 27, 1756 in Salzburg, Austria to Leopold Mozart (a business-minded composer, violinist and an assistant concertmaster at the Salzburg court) and Anna Maria Pertl.
Mozart was named Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Gottlieb Mozart in honor of his grandfather (maternal) and a Saint, Johannes Chrysostomus with whom he shared his birth date. Being born and brought up in a family where music was in the air, and was life and dreams of everyone, Mozart was naturally attracted towards music.
From his childhood, Mozart learned and developed immense interest in music. When he was just 5 years old, Mozart started composing small and beautiful melodious numbers. Looking at his children’s musical talent, Mozart’s father decided to use this opportunity to showcase the talent of his children (Wolfgang and elder daughter Maria Anna “Nannerl”) in front of the world.
At the age of six (in mid 1763), Mozart and his elder sister performed in many concerts in European Courts (in Paris and London); they also gave performances at major cities where they met many music lovers. They also performed in front of the Bavarian elector, royal families and the Austrian empress. Wolfgang and his sister played piano and violin and were more than successful to tie their audiences to the chairs.
After coming from the tour of Vienna, Wolfgang tried to concentrate on improving and learning new skills in music, for this reason he did not plan any tour till 1770. In next three years from 1770 to 1773, Mozart toured Italy three times and gave many outstanding performances. While on a tour of Italy, Mozart even wrote two of his famous operas ‘Mitridate’ and ‘Lucio Silla’.
Mozart showcased his talent and astonished his audience when he adopted Italian style in his music. Mozart further started his journey of music composition, he wrote a set of string quartets and also some symphonies.
When Mozart was at Salzburg during the period from 1774 to 1777, he worked as Konzertmeister (Concertmaster) at the Prince Archbishop’s Court where he performed in some piano and violin concerts (about half a dozen piano sonatas), masses, symphonies, etc. During the same period, he visited Munich once in 1775 for a premier of his Opera La Finta giardiniera.
Mozart: The Awaited Concert
Wolfgang was very ambitious and wanted to obtain a very high position in the world of music, he knew that by staying in Salzburg it was never possible to achieve what he wanted. In 1777, he left Salzburg with his mother and set for Munich and Mannheim. There he tried his best to find a good post for himself but was never offered one, he then moved to Paris in search of the same.
For next two years, Wolfgang worked at Court and played concerts at Courts and Cathedrals. He actively participated in concerts, serenades and also composed music for dramas. He also continued composing and creating symphonies. In 1780, he received the most awaited opportunity to perform in an opera at Munich.
Love, Longing and Marriage
Mozart’s love interest, Aloysia Weber, refused to reciprocate the same feeling of affection. She was a previous acquaintance and had once claimed to love him, however, it is believed that once she became famous as a soprano, her feelings for a not so famous Mozart waned and fame took predominance.
Along with many concerts, operas and music composition for dramas, Mozart also wrote beautiful music compositions, which have become the masterpiece of his artwork. Mozart was sent to the court at Vienna where he was not allowed to work for the post he wanted the most, he finally gave up trying to perform at the court in Vienna and got out of the job in 1781.