The Different Types of Flutes

For those who think the flute is relatively modern (in terms of thousands of years), think again. The flute, in fact, has been documented as the oldest instrument of melody made by man. This comes from an archaeological discovery at the Ach Valley of Southern Germany, a flute made of bone that can be dated back by 35,000 years! After more excavation, it was concluded that the Ach Valley was quite the artistic hub back in the day. Of course, they probably had a different definition of what ‘Rock’ would sound like. Get it? Rock? No? Okay, Back to flutes, I have categorized them according to the way they are played, their shape and size and their period of creation. That makes for 9 types of flutes in all.
Flutes by Culture and Shape
Based on their home, the flutes are as variegated as they come. Click on any image to get an enlarged view of them.
The Panpipes
Panpipes flute
It consists of about 5 pipes in general, each pipe differing in size. The Panpipes(or pan flute) are completely flat at one end, with the other ends of each pipe trailing off. The different lengths of the pipes give out different notes, so instead of a single pipe with holes in it, you get multiple pipes with no holes.

The Panpipes are considered to be a folk instrument that originated from Greek culture. These type of flutes are linked to the Greek god Pan, hence the name Panpipes. Records of the instrument have been found through manuscripts and archaeological digs in places all around the worlds, from Central America to India.
The Ocarina
Ocarina flute
The instrument is too unique and simple, yet sounds amazing in its own light. The Ocarina is simple to make, easy to play and the fun can last for a lifetime. The English Pendant Ocarina can have just four holes for fingers and still get an entire octave! The instrument may have been globally available, but it was nowhere as famous or as widely used as it was in Japan. ‘The Legend of Zelda: The Ocarina of Time’, anyone? The game has to be the biggest reason for its comeback. The Ocarina’s charm is in its simplicity, the pitch gets changed simply by controlling the air flow inside the Ocarina where it keeps banging against the walls. The two basic types would be the pendant type and the chambered type. Small, simple and easy to use, the Ocarina is the definition of music that can be played anywhere.